Why Was the Peace Agreement a Milestone Achievement

“UNDP was pleased to support the self-government review through the Peacebuilding Fund`s `Maintaining Peace in Bougainville` project, which was an important step in the process of implementing the Bougainville Peace Agreement. He also called on the government to strengthen the inclusive participation of youth and women in decision-making at all levels; protect the lives of women and young people, in particular from all forms of sexual or gender-based violence; and implement security guarantees for young people active in politics. The government must continue its investigations into violence against women and youth during the implementation of the final peace agreement and implement reintegration programmes for young people involved in the conflict. “Youth is the missing piece of the puzzle to build peace and we need to protect young people,” she stressed, adding that she looked forward to addressing the Council again and discussing the progress made. The Camp David Summit, held from September 5 to 17, 1978, was a watershed moment in the history of the Arab-Israeli dispute and in U.S. diplomacy. Rarely has a U.S. president given as much sustained attention to a single foreign policy issue as Carter did during the two weeks of the summit. Carter`s ambitious goals for the talks included resolving the blockade of negotiations and drafting a detailed Egyptian-Israeli peace agreement. To this end, U.S. middle east experts prepared a draft treaty text that served as the basis for negotiations and was to be revised several times during the summit. Conversations proved extremely difficult, especially when the trilateral format was impossible to maintain. Instead, Carter and Vance met individually with the Egyptian and Israeli delegations over the next twelve days.

Papua New Guinea Minister Lera and ABG Vice President Nasira praised the role of the United Nations in the referendum process in their speeches, saying it was highly appreciated as the UNITED Nations has extensive global experience in leading and supporting referendum processes. ABG Chief Secretary Joseph Nobetau also said it was important to adhere to UN guidelines for a credible referendum process. Ambassador Isaac Lupari said that with the signing of these milestone documents, the other two pillars of BPA, firearms elimination and good governance, must now be fully addressed to pave the way for the referendum. The United Nations Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative, Roy Trivedy, congratulated the two Governments on reaching this historic milestone. He underscored UNDP`s willingness to continue to support the effective implementation of BPA. Colombia has achieved unprecedented successes in transitional justice as we approach the fifth anniversary of its historic peace agreement, a senior UN official told the Security Council today, as delegates noted both the progress and ongoing challenges that have recently led to large-scale protests across the country. Achieving peace was a difficult process that only really gained momentum in 1997, which led to the ceasefire in 1998 and finally to the signing of the Bougainville Peace Agreement in 2001. The agreement was based on three pillars: the formation of the Autonomous Bougainville Government (GBS), which was completed in 2005; The elimination of firearms, which is still ongoing, although 30 of Bougainville`s 33 constituencies have now been declared unarmed; and a referendum to be held between 2015 and 2020. Bougainville is on the verge of reaching this third and final pillar. SVEN JÜRGENSON (Estonia) described as worrying the recent social unrest in Colombia and the polarization of its society and called on the parties to put aside their differences and seek a solution through peaceful dialogue.

Security guarantees and structural reforms also need to be improved, he said, adding that the fight against impunity is essential to end violence against former combatants, social and indigenous leaders and human rights defenders. He stressed the need to bring the perpetrators to justice and ensure the safety of vulnerable social groups across the country, saying: “The limited presence of the state, poverty and illegal armed groups are the main causes of violence and must be combated.” He encouraged the government to continue its vaccination strategy when a third wave of COVID-19 reaches Colombia. JUAN RAMÓN DE LA FUENTE RAMIREZ (Mexico) said Colombia was making significant progress towards truth, justice and reconciliation. However, it expressed concern at the high number of persons displaced by the actions of illegal armed groups and called for the implementation of public measures to protect former combatants, human rights defenders and indigenous and Afro-Caribbean communities. He agreed with other speakers that the implementation of the final peace agreement should be reassessed as it approaches its fifth anniversary, affirming that progress in the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda at the local level is a positive step. .